The Middle Ages ended when there was a technical development: the first English printing press set up in 1476 by William Caxton after learning the skill of printing in Germany (McDowall, 1995: 65). With this printing press, books, previously written manually, became cheaper and plentiful. This led to standardization, and it was London English, a mixture of south Midland and southeastern English. “For the first time, people started to think of London pronunciation as “correct” pronunciation” (McDowall, 1995 : 85).
A fun and impressive way to increase and build students' vocabulary is to create a "Breakthrough Box." Tell students that each day they are going to discover or "breakthrough" a new word and learn its meaning. Each week for homework students must cut out a word from a magazine, newspaper, cereal box, ect. and paste it to an index card. Then, at school they put it into the "Breakthrough Box." At the start of each day, the teacher randomly calls upon one student to pull out a card from the box and the students' task is to discover its meaning.